Friday, 23 May 2008

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein
(March 14, 1879 – April 18, 1955)

Einstein's father

Einstein's mother

House of Einstein

Einstein's childhood photo

School class photograph in Munich , 1889. Einstein is in the front row, second from right. He did well only in mathematics and in Latin (whose logic he admired)

Was Einstein's Brain Different?

Of course it was-people's brains are as different as their faces. In his lifetime many wondered if there was anything especially different in Einstein's. He insisted that on his death his brain be made available for research. When Einstein died in 1955, pathologist Thomas Harvey quickly preserved the brain and made samples and sections. He reported that he could see nothing unusual. The variations were within the range of normal human variations. There the matter rested until 1999. Inspecting samples that Harvey had carefully preserved, Sandra F. Witelson and colleagues discovered that Einstein's brain lacked a particular small wrinkle (the parietal operculum) that most people have. Perhaps in compensation, other regions on each side were a bit enlarged-the inferior parietal lobes. These regions are known to have something to do with visual imagery and mathematical thinking. Thus Einstein was apparently better equipped than most people for a certain type of thinking. Yet others of his day were probably at least as well equipped-Henri Poincar้ and David Hilbert, for example, were formidable visual and mathematical thinkers, both were on the trail of relativity, yet Einstein got far ahead of them. What he did with his brain depended on the nurturing of family and friends, a solid German and Swiss education, and his own bold personality.

A late bloomer: Even at the age of nine Einstein spoke hesitantly, and his parents feared that he was below average intelligence. Did he have a learning or personality disability (such as "Asperger's syndrome," a mild form of autism)? There is not enough historical evidence to say. Probably Albert was simply a thoughtful and somewhat shy child. If he had some difficulties in school, the problem was probably resistance to the authoritarian German teachers, perhaps compounded by the awkward situation of a Jewish boy in a Catholic school.

Albert Einstein in 1893 (age 14), taken before the family moved to Italy

The 'Einsteinhaus' in Berne where Einstein lived with Mileva on the first floor during his Annus Mirabilis

Einstein in the Bern patent office

Einstein when his light bending theory conformed

One of the 1919 eclipse photographs taken during Arthur Stanley Eddington's expedition, which confirmed Einstein's predictions of the gravitational bending of light.

Einstein in his study in his home in Berlin, 1919

Einstein in his office

Albert Einstein, seen here with his wife Elsa Einstein and Zionist leaders, including future President of Israel Chaim Weizmann, his wife Dr. Vera Weizmann, Menahem Ussishkin, and Ben-Zion Mossinson on arrival in New York City in 1921

Einstein and Niels Bohr. Photo taken by Paul Ehrenfest during their visit to Leiden in December 1925

The Solvay Congress of 1927

Einstein in Berlin with political figures

Einstein, 1921. Age 42

Max Planck presents Einstein with the inaugural Max Planck Medal, Berlin June 28, 1929

Einstein in a Berlin synagogue in 1930

Einstein and Indian poet and Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore during their widely publicized July 14, 1930 conversation

Albert Einstein receiving his certificate of American citizenship from Judge Phillip Forman in 1940

Albert Einstein in Berlin

Albert Einstein at his home in Princeton, New Jersey

Albert Einstein Memorial located on the public grounds of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.


Latter to he US President

To enlarge: Please Click HERE

E = MC^2


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